Eora nation map

The City acknowledges the Gadigal of the Eora Nation as the traditional custodians of this place we now call Sydney. There are about 29 clan groups of the Sydney metropolitan area, referred to collectively as the Eora Nation. The Gadigal are a clan of the Eora Nation. The territory of the Gadi gal people stretched along the southern side of Port Jackson Sydney Harbour from South Head to around what is now known as Petersham. Their southern boundary is unclear. Local Aboriginal people used the word to describe to the British where they came from and so the word was then used to define the Aboriginal people themselves.

The name Eora is proudly used today by the descendants of those very same people. With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Gadigal people were decimated but there are descendants of the Eora still living in Sydney today. The surrounding bushland contains remnants of traditional plant, bird and animal life with fish and rock oysters available from Blackwattle Bay. There has been extensive debate about which group or nation these 29 clans belong to. It is generally acknowledged that the Eora are the coastal people of the Sydney area, with the Dharug Darug people occupying the inland area from Parramatta to the Blue Mountains.

There is some disagreement as to the degree of cultural separateness of the people who traditionally lived in the adjoining lands which comprise greater Sydney, encompassing most of the western suburbs and stretching up to the Blue Mountains. However, there is much evidence to suggest that the major language groups of greater Sydney were different groups using different languages and different initiation rites.

There is evidence of Aboriginal people migrating in a north-south direction but none from east to west. The appearance of men from the inland group was different from that of coastal men who were missing their right incisor tooth, removed during their initiation.

The 29 clan groups of the wider Sydney region were associated with specific areas of land by family boundaries, and distinguished by body decorations, hairstyles, songs and dances, tools and weapons. Sydney has always been a city with a high proportion of immigrants. As the town of Sydney developed into a city, the Gadigal were joined by other Aboriginal people from elsewhere in NSW, to live, work and forge relationships within the urban Aboriginal community.

Governor Arthur Phillip estimated there were about Aboriginal people within a 10 mile radius of Port Jackson in But there is much scepticism about population figures offered by historians and even those in official government parties.

It must be remembered that there were bounties on the heads of Aboriginal people at one stage, and some whites went as far as digging bodies up to make money. Based on these circumstances and unreliable guesstimates, it is difficult to determine population figures at the point of contact or afterwards. The source for this information is contained in the journals written by David Collins in Collins With such a loss came social collapse, grief and bewilderment.

However archaeological and anthropological investigations suggest that the Gadigal survived, despite the effects of smallpox and other diseases, the alienation of Aboriginal people from food sources and land, and punitive missions. After the deaths of so many local people due to smallpox, other diseases and warfare, new groups of remnant clans formed.

At this settlement, known as Elizabeth Town, a number of huts were built, a patch of land was cleared for a garden, and boats were provided for the use of the Aboriginal people who lived there. Blanket distribution lists from the s show that, apart from a group living in the government boatsheds at Circular Quay from tofew people who identified as Aboriginal were living in the centre of Sydney. Many had moved to places such as La Perouse on Botany Bay, south of the city.

Around 18 Aboriginal people were camped here from through to Julyincluding members of the Davis and Bundle families. Recent research suggests they were receiving weekly rations of meat, bread, tea and sugar similar to the rations received by Aboriginal people at the Botany camp. It was likely they were forced to live in this by then derelict boatshed because they were disposed from their land due to farming and pastoral activities.

Inthe Australian Bureau of Statistics noted that people living within the City of Sydney local government area boundaries identified as Aboriginal people this represented 0.

This low figure hides a greater population because many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have negative experiences of government intervention, and accordingly do not participate in census recording.

There is no secret to the formula of working out where Aboriginal people originally lived. They needed food to eat and clean water to drink. Camp sites were usually located close to the shore, especially during summer when fish and shellfish was the main food.

Aboriginal people are known to have inhabited The Rocks area long before the invasion. A excavation at Lilyvale on Cumberland Street uncovered a campfire radiocarbon dated to about AD with the remains of a meal consisting of snapper and rock oysters. At the foot of the cannon at Dawes Point are large flat stones said to have been used for baking whole fish.Two Australian Aboriginal men are leaving their country. They are the first to cross 10, miles of ocean to the other side of the world in a sailing ship.

They soon pass the brick house the governor had built for Bennelong on the eastern point at Dubuwagulye now Bennelong Point and leave Warrane. Aboriginal spears, shields and fishing tackle, specimens of timber, plants, animals and birds, four live and nervous kanguroo and some howling dingos have been loaded on board.

A week earlier, Lieutenant John Poulden had marched the returning marine detachment on board as fires swept through the heights of The Rocks on the western side of the cove. They give three farewell cheers for Governor Phillip, but the Reverend Mr. Wind fills the sails. The Eora detect a white speck on the horizon well into the afternoon. Bennelong and Yemmerrawanne have sailed out of the Eora world into a new Dreaming.

For the first time in their lives Bennelong and Yemmerrawanne catch sight of rocky snow-covered peaks as they approach the cold southern ocean. Easty writes:. Here be penguins, seals and seagulls. Written from Rio Janeiro on February 6th that Atlantic, Captain Bowen, arrived with the happiest voyage from the port of Jackson in the new South Wales, having made his way across the Pacific Sea, rounding Cape Horne, and then arrived at Rio de Janeiro, all in the brief 58 days.

They were of a sweet nature, obliging to those who asked of them their dances and other strange gestures; and they had great facility in pronouncing Portuguese. The ship sails on March 3. Arthur Phillip is no stranger to Rio de Janeiro. As the despatch mentions, he was commissioned as a Captain in the Portuguese Navy, a British ally, from mid to mid Surgeon James Thompson reads his burial ceremony.

New and unfamiliar stars appear in the sky as the ship sails north. Unfamiliar to Easty, but surely more so for the two Wangal voyagers. Bennelong and Yemmerrawanne are startled witnesses at the Crossing of the Line ritual at the Equator on Wednesday 3 April, a cloudy day.

In this grotesque ritual, green young sailors are ducked in the ocean or shaved with rusty irons by drunken old tars decked out as mermaids in seaweed petticoats. Officers and gentlemen avoid the ordeal by paying a ransom in cash or liquor. The inspired and inspiring language notebooks compiled by Marine Lieutenant William Dawes have returned to England a second time.

Dawes himself never returned to Australia. The three SOAS notebooks were the basis of an accessible dictionary of cross-cultural communication in early Sydney by historian and linguist Jakelin Troy, first published in Canberra in in The Sydney Language.

Her work was the genesis of the revival of the classic language spoken by the Indigenous people who inhabited coastal Sydney. The earliest and best records of the Sydney Language document the coastal dialect which was spoken in the immediate vicinity of the first British settlement at Sydney Cove, Port Jackson. There are wordlists with phonetic translations for body parts, kin terms, language, mythology and ceremony, food, cooking and fire, weapons and artefacts many illustrated in line drawings by Shirley Troywater, elements, mammals, reptiles, birds, marine and aquatic life, plants and fruits and insects and spiders.

It only contains the vocabulary which I was able to recover from the published and unpublished notes of known eighteenth and nineteenth century writers who recorded information about the Sydney Language.

Indeed, these words, sentences and placenames reveal traces of the past, a cultural memory and insight into the way Indigenous people viewed their spiritual and physical life before and during European settlement.

In September Dr. James Kohen, later my supervisor at Macquarie University, Sydney, gave me photocopies of these manuscripts taken from microfilm. I still have them, slightly out of focus and held together by rusty paperclips. He used to fish from a small detached rock a few feet distant from the N. German-born Charles Rodius worked as a draughtsman and engraver in Paris before being sent to New South Wales for theft. He was assigned, without salary, to the Department of Public Works. Rodius frequented the nearby Domain, where he sketched many Aboriginal people.

I have often conversed with Cruwee, who was an intelligent fellow … It was very amusing to hear him describe the first impression the blacks had of the vessels, and although very fearful, they were curious and would, with fear and trembling, get behind some tree and peep out at the monsters which had invaded their shores.Eora is the name given by the earliest settlers [2] [a] to a group of Aboriginal people belonging to the clans along the coastal area of what is now known as the Sydney basinin New South WalesAustralia.

Contact with the first white settlement's bridgehead into Australia quickly devastated much of the population through epidemics of smallpox and other diseases. Their descendants live on, though their languages, social system, way of life and traditions are mostly lost.

Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity occurred in and around Sydney for at least 30, years, in the Upper Paleolithic period.

Mini-Mini VoC Conference, Eora Nation

The meaning of the Eora ethnonym is not known. Contemporary accounts state that it simply meant "people", [1] though one theory proposes that the word was constructed from e yes and ora country. The language spoken by the Eora has, since the time of R. Mathewsbeen called Dharukwhich generally refers to what is known as the inland variety, as opposed to the coastal form Iyora or Eora. Its southern borders were as far as Botany Bay and the Georges River.

When he chances to meet a fellow-countryman from another community, and if someone speaks well of the other man, he will invariably start to abuse him, saying that he is reputed to be a cannibal, robber, great coward and so forth. Eora is used specifically of the people around the first area of white settlement in Sydney. The Wangal, Wallumettagal and Burramattagal constituted the three Parramatta saltwater peoples. The traditional Eora people were largely coastal dwellers and lived mainly from the produce of the sea.

They were expert in close-to-shore navigation, fishing, cooking, and eating in the bays and harbours in their bark canoes. The Eora people did not grow or plant crops; although the women picked herbs which were used in herbal remedies. They made extensive use of rock shelters, many of which were later destroyed by settlers who mined them for their rich concentrations of phosphates, which were then used for manure.

Summer foods consisted of oyster, netted mullet caught in nets, with fat fish caught on a line and larger fish taken on burley and speared from rock ledges. As summer drew to an end, feasting on turtle was a prized occasion. In winter, one foraged for and hunted possumechidnafruit batswallaby and kangaroo.

The Eora placed a time limit on formal battles engaged in order to settle inter-tribal grievances. Such fights were regulated to begin late in the afternoon, and to cease shortly after twilight. A drawing, thought recently to be the handiwork of the Polynesian navigator Tupaia who was on board Cook's ship, survives depicting Aboriginals in Botany Bayaround Kurnell.

After an early contact with the Tharawalmeetings with Eora soon followed: they were disconcerted by the suspicion these visitors were ghosts, whose sex was unknown, until the delight of recognition ensued when one sailor dropped his pants to clarify their perplexity.

Misunderstandings were frequent: Governor Phillip mistook scarring on women's temples as proof of men's mistreatment, when it was a trace of mourning practices. The first man to suffer this fate was the Guringai Arabanoowho died soon after in the smallpox epidemic of The latter escaped while Bennelong stayed for some months, learning more about the British food needs, etiquette, weaponry and hierarchy than anything they garnered from conversing with him.Is there actually the map of entire Eora out there somewhere?

Not the map of colonies Dyrwood, Eir Glanfath, Readceras etc like on wiki, but the map of actual world where you can see Old Vailia, Rauatai etc. You can see Valia on the official map, it's south-west of Dyrwood. Otherwise there is a thread with an unofficial map based on real world geography they evaluated where things should be based on both game lore and nature laws.

What you mentioned are Vailian Republics, an offshoot of a far greater power known as Old Vailia. It's even mentioned in its OV's description within the game. Ts ts Even smaller Details, right?

While Byzantium did indeed originate as East-Rome and the Bizantine People understood themselves as the Romans heirs, Byzantium is culturally heavily greek, not Roman.

eora nation map

They even spoke Ancient Greek rather than Latin. Yes, that was absolutely necessary. Still very necessary. Near as I can figure based off the descriptions compiled in the Pillars of Eternity wikia, this is roughly what the world looks like.

The shapes are probably way off, but the general placement should be correct, along with the available origins of playable races. How come the archipelago isn't an archipelago? It would be of small avail to talk of magic in the air I was mostly aiming to get the placement correct in my head, not the sizes and actual shapes. Honestly, when I made the map it was more to have a reference on where races generally came from. It bugs me to make lore incorrect characters. There are a few tidbits here and there that kind of suggest where other continents and nations are in respect to the Dyrwood.

‘BOTANY BAY KOLBI’

Including stuff from the guidebook, here are some tidbits I know of:. That means Aedyr is northwest of the Dyrwood. Page 56 of the guidebook states "To the north, Sawyer says "the crumbling island nations of Old Vailia sit thousands of miles to the southwest of their offshoot, the Vailian Republics. Anyways, going with Word-of-God and settling for Old Valia being southwest of the Republics, likely fairly far south of Aedyr itself? As to what lays north of that, in regards to the landmass of the Eastern Reach, we don't really know.

We know that mountain dwarves originate on the mainland to the east of Dyrwood, but not much as to how far that landmass stretches, or how hospitable it might be. We know from dialog with Zauha that the place is vast, with many different peoples, so it's likely a sizable chunk of landmass.

Much of the population lives in basins in the southern mountains. Also has isolated populations in the colder northern climates. Following my last post, I made a vague collection of blobs I think might somewhat resemble the "known-world" of Eora. That leads me to think that Deadfire is close enough to the landmass of the White for that trip to be considered fairly easily doable.

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Only 75 emoji are allowed. Display as a link instead. Clear editor. Upload or insert images from URL.It is customary for some Indigenous communities not to mention names or reproduce images associated with the recently deceased. Members of these communities are respectfully advised that a number of people mentioned in writing or depicted in image in the following pages have passed away.

This story may also contain words and descriptions that might be culturally sensitive, not normally used in certain public or community contexts. In some circumstances, terms and annotations of the period in which a text was written may be considered inappropriate today.

History, every history student learns, is written by the victors. But in writing about themselves, the victors must also write about those whose lands they have occupied. This is a story of the Eora, created through a close and innovative interrogation of the European records of early colonisation.

Compiled from letters, maps, prints, books and drawings, we can piece together a surprisingly rich account of Aboriginal lives and families after contact. Running contrary to the notion that colonisation completely displaced Aboriginal people, this account gives testimony to a continuing Indigenous presence in Sydney.

They lived here in the place we call Sydney, now a city of over 4 million people. It was a different country then. A word derived from Ee yes and ora here, or this placeit revealed their deep connection to the land. Outlines represented sky heroes, men and women, clubs, shields, whales, sharks, fish, kangaroos, echidnas, birds and lizards. During this time, the Eora were also documented. Different drawings and descriptions of the Eora within their landscape began to emerge: fishing from bark canoes, gathering by campfires, taking part in initiation ceremonies, burial rites and ritual revenge combats.

Much of what we know of the Eora between has come from these early drawings and texts.

Sydney Customs House

Mapping together documents from the Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales, Sydney, and other generous institutions including the National Library of Australia, Canberra, the following chapters tell a story of Aboriginal lives and families after contact. Arranged into four main sections East, West, North and Souththis story reflects the geographical location of the Eora clans -gal of Port Jackson and coastal Sydney. The east was known as Cadigal country. Deriving from Cadi gadithe name of the grass trees Xanthorrhoea species found in the area, the Cadigal was a harbour-dwelling clan, inhabiting the area from South Head, through the present Eastern Suburbs to Sydney Cove Warraneand ending at Darling Harbour Gomora.

The Eora cut sections of spear shafts from cadi stems and cemented them together with its resin. Scrolling down, you can see another depiction of these grass trees in the foreground of a print by Joseph Lycett. The Eora of coastal Sydney were overwhelmed by the shocking influx of new arrivals, many taken by smallpox within the first two years of contact with the Europeans. Exclusion from traditional lands often led to violence and facilitated the severing of spiritual bonds to country.

However, the Eora were resilient in their responses to the invasion. German-born Charles Rodius was another European artist, known for documenting the Eora after contact.

Working as a draughtsman and engraver in Paris, he was charged for theft and sent to New South Wales in Once in Australia, he was assigned, without salary, to the Department of Public Works. Rodius frequented the nearby Domain, where he made many sketches of Aboriginal people, including the View from the Government Domain, Sydneyin which fishermen at Woolloomooloo Bay Walla-mulla wore cut-off trousers, yet still used the traditional mooting or pronged fishing spear.Barani is an Aboriginal word of the Sydney language that means 'yesterday'.

The Barani website examines the histories of people, places and events associated with Sydney's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Aboriginal peoples have always lived in Sydney. The original Aboriginal inhabitants of the City of Sydney local area are the Gadigal people.

eora nation map

The territory of the Gadi gal people stretched along the southern side of Port Jackson Sydney Harbour from South Head to around what is now known as Petersham. There are about 29 clan groups of the Sydney metropolitan area referred to collectively as the Eora Nation.

The Gadigal are a clan of the Eora Nation. Following the arrival of the First Fleet inthe British encountered Aboriginal people around the coves and bays of Port Jackson. Aboriginal communities here were both generous and combative towards the colonisers. Many places around the harbour remained important hunting, fishing and camping grounds long after Europeans settlement, and continue to be culturally significant today. Despite the destructive impact of first contact, Gadigal culture survived.

As the town of Sydney developed into a city, the Gadigal were joined by other Aboriginal people from around NSW to live, work and forge relationships with the urban Aboriginal community. The suburb of Redfern was a particular focus for activism around civil and land rights for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Education and schooling nurtured and empowered Aboriginal people living in Sydney in the 20th century. With the growing self-determination movement in the late s, Aboriginal people created and managed their own learning opportunities and initiatives.

Music, dance and theatre are an important means of cultural, political and spiritual expression for urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Many artists and performers have been supported and encouraged by Aboriginal organisations. Visual and artistic expression have been integral to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures. Aboriginal history content was first developed for the City of Sydney website in to coincide with the Sydney Olympics; this content was later enhanced with images, audio and interactive and launched as the Barani website in The Barani website contains accessible and well researched information about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and their ongoing connection to Sydney.

It is a highly regarded, authoritative website that is used by schools, universities, tourists and locals. Aboriginal history research work is ongoing and the Barani website is constantly growing resource.Aboriginal people have an unbroken connection with this place we now call Sydney. They have always lived here. They are the traditional custodians of the land. For thousands of years, the Gadigal people of the Eora Nation lived harmoniously in and around Warrane Sydney Harbour.

A diverse and rich culture, the Gadigal used natural resources to prepare food, medicine and sustain their lifestyle. As fish was available all year round, Aboriginal campsites were close to the shore.

Men fished from the shoreline using multi-pronged spears tipped with bone while women paddled their bark canoes nowies across the harbour to cast lines made from the bark of kurrajong and hibiscus trees. As the colonisers began to fish, clear land and shoot wildlife, the local water source was polluted and Aboriginal lifestyles were disrupted and destroyed. Despite many acts of resistance against the occupation of their land by brave warriors like Pemulwuy, Aboriginal people became destitute in their own land.

Ironically, at various times, the British relied on Aboriginal knowledge of the land for their own survival. With this loss came social collapse, grief and bewilderment. Yet Gadigal culture survived.

eora nation map

As the town developed into a city, the Gadigal people were joined by Aboriginal people from around New South Wales to live, work and connect in a growing urban Aboriginal community. The Customs House site is significant to both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people as a site of first contact between the Eora and the Berewalgal people from a distant place — the British.

The building stands metres from the original sandstone tidal foreshore and a short walk from the original fresh water of the Tank Stream, which flowed along what is now Pitt Street. Descendants of the Eora live in Sydney while surrounding bushland contains rock carvings and remnants of traditional plant, bird and animal life. Discoveries in The Rocks show remains of an Aboriginal fireplace and meal of rock oyster, hairy mussel, snapper and bream dated to about years before British settlement.

Traces of Aboriginal habitation can still be found in shell middens around the harbour foreshore. Aboriginal Sydney Aboriginal people have an unbroken connection with this place we now call Sydney. Aboriginal woman in canoe c Today The Customs House site is significant to both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people as a site of first contact between the Eora and the Berewalgal people from a distant place — the British.

Sydney Harbour holds a deep spiritual connection for Aboriginal people. Discover the people, places and history of Aboriginal Sydney through our Barani website. Aborigine defending himself against an attack by spears. A view of Sydney NSW entering the heads.


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